Last month I was talking with the amazing Amaya Perez-Brumer and other graduate students at Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health. Someone asked me, “If same-sex marriage is the wedge issue for the gay rights movement, what’s the most divisive issue in transgender politics?” A good question, and certainly there are real divisions about what should be prioritized, just as there has been in the LGB rights movement.
There are a number of priorities, but what should top the list? If we want to make trans lives better, where should our resources be directed? In fact, the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force and the National Center for Transgender Equality asked that question on page 178 of their enormous 2011 survey project, “Injustice at Every Turn.” The policy areas most frequently by the survey’s 6450 respondents were:
Protecting transgender/gender non-conforming people from discrimination in hiring and at work: 70%
Getting transgender-related health care covered by insurance: 64%
Passing laws that address hate crimes against transgender/gender non-conforming people: 47%
Access to transgender-sensitive health care: 43%
Better policies on gender and identity documents and other records: 40%
Protecting transgender/gender non-conforming people from discrimination in housing: 26%
The right to equal recognition of marriages involving transgender partners: 25%
Passing anti-bullying laws that make schools safer: 21%
Transgender/gender non-conforming prisoners’ rights: 15%
The right of transgender/gender non-conforming people to parent, including adoption: 14%
HIV prevention, education and treatment:11%
Allowing transgender/gender non-conforming people to serve in the military: 7%
Immigration policy reform (such as asylum or partner recognition): 5%
This list gives some sense of the popularity of particular policy areas. But the numbers fail to reveal a wedge issue, just significantly less interest in immigration, military service, parenting rights, incarceration. bullying. Even these least popular issues represent very different political positions–for example, prisoners’ rights versus the right to serve in the military.
I’m still thinking this through, but my first stab at an answer to this question was that there really isn’t a wedge issue. It’s not trans employment discrimination versus the plight of trans HIV positive people, prisoners, parents or immigrants. The wedge is transgender itself. In that sense, it’s sort of an inverse wedge, if there can be such a thing. So really not a wedge, but a wrong cramming together of people whose only commonality is that one way or another their gender didn’t turn out as expected, based on the sex they were assigned at birth. That “trans” or “transgender” purports to describe people who are so very differently situated in relation to their vulnerability to violence, to incarceration, to illness, to homelessness seems like one of the more miraculous feats of identity politics.
More on this to come as I work these ideas out in the chapter I’m writing on incarceration, trans economicus and the freeze frame policy in the book.